^ "Stoughton, WI – Where the Coffee Break Originated". www.stoughtonwi.com. Stoughton, Wisconsin Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 20, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2009. Mr. Osmund Gunderson decided to ask the Norwegian wives, who lived just up the hill from his warehouse, if they would come and help him sort the tobacco. The women agreed, as long as they could have a break in the morning and another in the afternoon, to go home and tend to their chores. Of course, this also meant they were free to have a cup of coffee from the pot that was always hot on the stove. Mr. Gunderson agreed and with this simple habit, the coffee break was born.
Mass spraying of insecticides has often proven disastrous, as predators of the pests are more sensitive than the pests themselves.[65] Instead, integrated pest management has developed, using techniques such as targeted treatment of pest outbreaks, and managing crop environment away from conditions favouring pests. Branches infested with scale are often cut and left on the ground, which promotes scale parasites to not only attack the scale on the fallen branches but in the plant as well.[66]
Accordingly, determine how large your sheet of glass needs to be. You won't cut the two short edges of the glass (the less you cut the glass the less likely you are to shatter it, so limit your cuts to the two curved edges). Since you don't cut the two short edges (i.e. the edges that will align with the square ends of your table), you immediately know how LONG the glass needs to be. Next figure out how wide the glass needs to be. You want there to be enough overlap for the profile you're going to cut so that you have some room to work with. Since you'll be using the off-cut glass later as a template for your routing, it's important to make sure that there will be a reasonable amount left.
I thought I was being original, but I was incredibly typical. Millennial “style,” according to one expert, is “all about the mix — new and old, expensive and cheap, DIY and purchased.” “Authentic” in the form of repurposed wood and industrial aesthetic, “modern” with a piece of, uh, mid-century modern, and “individual” with a statement piece: a “Pinterest-worthy green velvet sofa,” as one survey respondent put it. 

I unclamped the top.  It wasn’t as sturdy as I hoped.  However,  I only needed it to stay together while I screwed the skirt to  it.  I flipped over the top.  I then flipped all the joined legs and skirt upside down and placed the works on top of the table top.  Once centered, I traced the skirt and legs on the underside of the table top.  I moved everything over and ran glue around the marked areas of the top.  I then placed the skirt and legs back in place.  I proceeded to to screw pocket screws around the perimeter, zigzagging from side to side to help it from wiggling out of place while I worked.  The block end of the legs added much needed stability to the mitered corners of the top.  Reluctantly I shot one or two nails in each of the corners of the top to keep them from separating while everything dried.  The basic table was done.
Furniture is a signifier of taste, an indicator of both social and physical mobility, a testament to one’s stage in life. And all of those thing have changed, some of them dramatically, between our parents' generation and ours. The styles of furniture, and what’s fashionable, have always been evolving, but the sociological shift in where it fits in our lives is dramatic and telling. Simply put, we think of furniture differently — which is, in truth, a way of saying that we think about the trajectory of our lives differently.
Give your outdoor arrangement a boost of light as you add a splash of contemporary style with this one-light wall sconce, rated for wet locations. This design is crafted from steel and lead wire, and it features a rectangular backplate and a cylindrical metal shade that projects its single light downwards. This luminary accommodates a 100W incandescent bulb (not included), and the manufacturer provides a one-year warranty on this product.
Glass thicknesses are shown as a Nominal Thickness, meaning “in name only”, used solely for identification. These are commonly listed as 1/8″, 5/32″, 1/8″, 3/16″, 1/4″, 3/8″, and 1/2″. The nominal size may not match the exact thickness but will be within the acceptable industry-wide thickness range and can correspond to a large number of highly standardized dimensions and tolerances.

It is simple to measure a radius by using our radius measurement tool. Download the tool by clicking here. Print the tool. When printing please make sure page scaling is set to none. To verify you have printed the tool to the correct scale measure the 1″ Scale Line at the bottom of the page. It should measure out to exactly 1″. If it does not measure correctly please check your printer settings.
A table setting in Western countries is mainly in one of two styles: service à la russe (French for "in the Russian style"), where each course of the meal is brought out in specific order; and service à la française (French for "in the French style"), where all the courses for the meal are arranged on the table and presented at the same time that guests are seated. Service à la russe has become the custom in most restaurants, whereas service à la française is the norm in family settings.
When considering furniture as a centerpiece, it’s important to remember style, size, and color. Combine only two of these elements because you don’t want to overwhelm. If a glass coffee table is meant to be your centerpiece, make sure there’s something strong and noticeably different about it. The translucence of a glass coffee table means that it won’t take up any visual space. If it’s the right choice, your coffee table will draw attention for its uniqueness.
Over the past few years I’ve just come to expect my online orders to be screwed up somehow, however, One Day Glass came through with 100% accuracy. I ordered three shelves to replace the ones that I somehow lost in a move. They could not have looked or fit better. PERFECTION, is the word I would use in all aspects of this order. The price was excellent, the online custom order form was easy to follow, the delivery time was less than one week, and three of my pieces were safely packed and in mint condition when I pulled them out of the box. I couldn’t be happier with my experience, and will be recommending you to anyone looking for custom glass services. Anyone who works there obviously takes a lot of pride in what they do. THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU! For service above and beyond the norm.
Coffee tables are crafted from all sorts of beautiful materials—iron, glass, you name it. To pick the one that’s right for you, first consider three things: the overall aesthetic of your room, your color palette, and how it’ll be used. Will it be purely decorative? (Try glass!) Hold books or serve as foot rest? (Think: sturdy wood or soft upholstery). Here, we outline all your options.
Your coffee table serves as the centerpiece of your ensemble, so make sure you have one you love. For a contemporary look with ample display space, try this sleek piece. Simple and stylish, it showcases a distinct design with an oval top and two curved bottom shelves. The glass top is complemented by the sleek metallic legs and glossy black finish on the lower shelves. Try setting it in the middle of your entertainment arrangement, then use the lower shelves to stow glossy magazines and the top...
Widely known as coffeehouses or cafés, establishments serving prepared coffee or other hot beverages have existed for over five hundred years.[citation needed] Coffeehouses in Mecca became a concern as places for political gatherings to the imams who banned them, and the drink, for Muslims between 1512 and 1524. In 1530 the first coffeehouse was opened in Damascus.[187] The first coffeehouse in Constantinople was opened in 1475[188] by traders arriving from Damascus and Aleppo. Soon after, coffeehouses became part of the Ottoman Culture, spreading rapidly to all regions of the Ottoman Empire.
Polyphenols in coffee have been shown to affect free radicals in vitro,[175] but there is no evidence that this effect occurs in humans. Polyphenol levels vary depending on how beans are roasted as well as for how long. As interpreted by the Linus Pauling Institute and the European Food Safety Authority, dietary polyphenols, such as those ingested by consuming coffee, have little or no direct antioxidant value following ingestion.[176][177][178]

Most homes have coffee table books, but who needs a copy of Humans of New York when your coffee table itself can be the conversation piece? Artist Derek Pearce creates unique tables that look like animals are emerging from water. The glass doubles as the water, and the animals keep the glass up. The special tables appear to defy gravity—dolphins swim through the glass, a seal pokes its head up, and an otter relaxes on the surface.


I live in a small city apartment, so I didn't even think I could put a desk in my space. This desk is perfect. It is not tiny; it actually is quite roomy, but it's minimalist design makes it appear to take up far less real estate in a room. The glass top gives it an even airier feel. I place a couple of inexpensive clear drawer inserts (bought on Amazon) in the large shelf, and it is now very functional.
Showcasing a swirling abstract motif, this area rug brings a touch of contemporary appeal to any arrangement in your home. Neutral cream and tan tones outfit this design, ensuring it’s versatile enough to complement most color palettes. Power-loomed in Turkey from 100% polypropylene, it has a mixed pile height up to 1.18" for a textured and shag look. We recommend your roll out a rug pad underneath this piece to help it stay put.
Coffee, regarded as a Muslim drink, was prohibited by Ethiopian Orthodox Christians until as late as 1889; it is now considered a national drink of Ethiopia for people of all faiths. Its early association in Europe with rebellious political activities led to Charles II outlawing coffeehouses from January 1676 (although the uproar created forced the monarch to back down two days before the ban was due to come into force).[33] Frederick the Great banned it in Prussia in 1777 for nationalistic and economic reasons; concerned about the price of import, he sought to force the public back to consuming beer.[211] Lacking coffee-producing colonies, Prussia had to import all its coffee at a great cost.[212]
The first port of call is to cut up the LED strip into the lengths you need. This LED strip is really easy to use because it only has 3 pins and makes the Arduino do the real work. I cut the spool into 12 sections each of length 12 LEDs as shown in the figure and laid them out on the back of the table to help me visualise where I was going with this.
And while West Elm delivers all over the continental US — at not inconsiderate expense — its brand is rooted in urban areas. Its stores are largely located in cities; its newly designed flagship is in the DUMBO area of Brooklyn, the Valhalla of thirty- and fortysomething New Yorkers just settling into bourgeois adulthood. The prime West Elm demo, according to one advertising agency, is the HENRY: high earners not rich yet. People who’ve been in the workforce long enough to pull in larger salaries, potentially partnered with someone with an equally sizable salary, but still paying off loans, figuring out saving, realizing they can do things like drop a grand on an item of furniture, even if they don’t own a house.

Most homes have coffee table books, but who needs a copy of Humans of New York when your coffee table itself can be the conversation piece? Artist Derek Pearce creates unique tables that look like animals are emerging from water. The glass doubles as the water, and the animals keep the glass up. The special tables appear to defy gravity—dolphins swim through the glass, a seal pokes its head up, and an otter relaxes on the surface.
Showcasing a swirling abstract motif, this area rug brings a touch of contemporary appeal to any arrangement in your home. Neutral cream and tan tones outfit this design, ensuring it’s versatile enough to complement most color palettes. Power-loomed in Turkey from 100% polypropylene, it has a mixed pile height up to 1.18" for a textured and shag look. We recommend your roll out a rug pad underneath this piece to help it stay put.

Bad things can happen and never when you expect.  I recently had to rush my helper to the eye doctor.  We had finished  cutting, sanding etc. on a different project.  Just doing some assembly.  However, he bumped something and saw dust came raining down on him.  Some got in his eye.  He was in agony and had to have his eye cleaned and treated by the Doctor.  He is fine now but they were worried for a time about cornea damage.  So it is a good idea to keep your safety gear on whenever possible and keep your shop clean and orderly.
Perfect for setting out snacks, staging a display, or just keeping the remote in easy reach, a coffee table like this is a great option for rounding out your living room with a sleek modern accent. Crafted from an acrylic base and capped with a tempered glass surface, this clear table delivers a clean-lined rectangular silhouette and breezy style perfect for any contemporary ensemble. Measuring 19'' H x 47'' L x 24'' W, this piece is a great option for medium-sized living rooms.
During all this the weather had turned and I never was able to get a sheet of ¼” ply.  I finally had a chance to trudge out but now I had to stain and finish the bottom separately.  I measured the base and cut the bottom.  After a dry fit, I applied glue and then put it back in but I used small wood screws to hold it in place.  After that it was off to the glass place.  I wanted them to fit the glass in case things had come out of square.  I almost forgot, before leaving for the glass I drilled a small hole in one corner of the bottom where it wasn’t too noticeable. A little stain hid the fresh cut hole.   A small dowel was cut to push through the hole to lift the glass.  After all, the table is for displaying small nick nacks and needs to open easily without breaking off your fingernails or gouging the top with a knife or screwdriver.    

Glass thicknesses are shown as a Nominal Thickness, meaning “in name only”, used solely for identification. These are commonly listed as 1/8″, 5/32″, 1/8″, 3/16″, 1/4″, 3/8″, and 1/2″. The nominal size may not match the exact thickness but will be within the acceptable industry-wide thickness range and can correspond to a large number of highly standardized dimensions and tolerances.

A tri-level coffee table sets the stage for drama in this Chicago living room. The custom sofa, in a JAB Anstoetz fabric, is by Dune, the 1950s chair (left) is in a Dedar fabric, and the custom armchair is covered in Arabel fabrics; the 1930s orange lacquer–and-shagreen sideboard is French, the 1950s Murano glass table lamp is by Seguso, the 1955 chandelier is by FontanaArte, the custom rug is by Beauvais, and the Venetian plaster walls are in Benjamin Moore’s Stonington Gray.


Coffee is best stored in an airtight container made of ceramic, glass or non-reactive metal.[99] Higher quality prepackaged coffee usually has a one-way valve which prevents air from entering while allowing the coffee to release gases.[100] Coffee freshness and flavor is preserved when it is stored away from moisture, heat, and light.[99] The ability of coffee to absorb strong smells from food means that it should be kept away from such smells.[99] Storage of coffee in refrigerators is not recommended due to the presence of moisture which can cause deterioration.[99] Exterior walls of buildings which face the sun may heat the interior of a home, and this heat may damage coffee stored near such a wall.[99] Heat from nearby ovens also harms stored coffee.[99]
Coffee tables are crafted from all sorts of beautiful materials—iron, glass, you name it. To pick the one that’s right for you, first consider three things: the overall aesthetic of your room, your color palette, and how it’ll be used. Will it be purely decorative? (Try glass!) Hold books or serve as foot rest? (Think: sturdy wood or soft upholstery). Here, we outline all your options.
Bring distinct modern style to your living room with theHodedah HICT52 Rectangular Coffee Table. This table top is made from tempered safety glass and the edges are beveled for a softer look. The table top is clear with a black shelf below with white ovals on it. The lower shelf is suspended by chrome posts that are tapered and topped with a glass accent, adding an elegant touch to this contemporary table. This item ships ready for assembly.
Notes on this table; I did note that through other sellers it's different so be sure you do as this seller says in their details and buy from them as I guess they're the original seller (from what Ive read when researching this table) and as such they have the table you'll want if you're wanting tempered glass and the look of this one. From what I read some of the knock off sellers difffernces included not getting tempered glass (this one does have it) and the glass bottom is different colors like black or darkened glass. This one is clear top glass and bottom frosted glass. The pics seem to show clear top and bottom but it's not but I like ... full review

Showcasing a swirling abstract motif, this area rug brings a touch of contemporary appeal to any arrangement in your home. Neutral cream and tan tones outfit this design, ensuring it’s versatile enough to complement most color palettes. Power-loomed in Turkey from 100% polypropylene, it has a mixed pile height up to 1.18" for a textured and shag look. We recommend your roll out a rug pad underneath this piece to help it stay put.
Seating ensemble feeling empty? Try a coffee table! Not only do they anchor your space, but they offer room to stage a display and serve up trays of treats when you find yourself entertaining. This one, for example, adds a pop of polish with its clean-lined metal frame sporting a sleek chrome finish. Up top, clear glass ties it all together with a touch of elegance. Measures 18'' H x 42'' L x 18'' W.

A contemporary example of religious prohibition of coffee can be found in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[213] The organization holds that it is both physically and spiritually unhealthy to consume coffee.[214] This comes from the Mormon doctrine of health, given in 1833 by founder Joseph Smith in a revelation called the Word of Wisdom. It does not identify coffee by name, but includes the statement that "hot drinks are not for the belly," which has been interpreted to forbid both coffee and tea.[214]
For a glass table top where the glass sits in a metal frame, such as a patio table top, it can be a little tricky to get the exact glass you'll need. If you need to replace broken glass that sits inside a metal frame, please straighten the frame before you measure for the glass you need. We will fabricate the glass exactly to the dimensions you provide with a 1/8" cutting tolerance.
She wanted something more traditional.  I started by looking for a reasonably priced table leg.  The one I found was from Van Dyke’s Restorers.  They have tons of shapes and sizes.   It was on sale, around $16 each plus some shipping.  I sketched up a square table per her request. The table would be 42” wide, 42” long and 18 ¾” tall.  (the sketch originally had a 15” leg but it did not suit her).  I attempted to use stock wood for all the components to keep it simple, on time and on budget. 

Wood varies in softness, grain, and color, depending on the type of tree and the quality of the wood. Oak, for example, is often used for furniture because of its relative hardness and semi-affordability. Pine is often much more affordable but is also quite a bit softer than oak. Premium woods from South America and Asia can also be used and provide some impressive distinction in your home!
Liquid coffee concentrates are sometimes used in large institutional situations where coffee needs to be produced for thousands of people at the same time. It is described as having a flavor about as good as low-grade robusta coffee, and costs about 10¢ a cup to produce. The machines can process up to 500 cups an hour, or 1,000 if the water is preheated.[127]
Besides wood tables, Metal coffee tables are quite popular nowadays. Similar to wood tables, metal tables are weighed lighter and are sturdy too. Generally, the legs of the metal tables are narrower below than the top. They are patterned in unique designs making the table look stylish. Metal being a tougher material it gives better support than wood. With its smooth surface, water-resistant quality and ridgeless look it is a good choice for the coffee table.
Is seating ensemble feeling empty? Try a coffee table! Not only do they anchor your space, but they offer room to stage a display and serve up trays of treats when you find yourself entertaining. This one, for example: with its simple design and clean lines, provides a space to display magazines, hold your drinks, or keep your remote handy. A lower shelf is available for more display space.
For a glass table top where the glass sits in a metal frame, such as a patio table top, it can be a little tricky to get the exact glass you'll need. If you need to replace broken glass that sits inside a metal frame, please straighten the frame before you measure for the glass you need. We will fabricate the glass exactly to the dimensions you provide with a 1/8" cutting tolerance.

A square shape makes the Bernhardt Merrill Square Metal Cocktail Table a natural pairing for your sectional sofa. It's crowned by thick, clear tempered glass that allows you to see the open, geometric leg base from all angles. The glass has notched details to accommodate the canted corners on this coffee table. The stainless steel framework is polished to high shine, adding a glamorous touch. For a cohesive living room, search out companion pieces in the Merrill line.


Many tables have tops that can be adjusted to change their height, position, shape, or size, either with foldable, sliding or extensions parts that can alter the shape of the top. Some tables are entirely foldable for easy transportation, e.g. camping or storage, e.g., TV trays. Small tables in trains and aircraft may be fixed or foldable, although they are sometimes considered as simply convenient shelves rather than tables.
Dating to the 1970s, coffee has been incorrectly described by many, including historian Mark Pendergrast, as the world's "second most legally traded commodity".[136][137] Instead, "coffee was the second most valuable commodity exported by developing countries," from 1970 to circa 2000.[138] This fact was derived from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Commodity Yearbooks which show "Third World" commodity exports by value in the period 1970–1998 as being in order of crude oil in first place, coffee in second, followed by sugar, cotton, and others. Coffee continues to be an important commodity export for developing countries, but more recent figures are not readily available due to the shifting and politicized nature of the category "developing country".[136]

Undeniably the most common shape for any kind of table, you can’t go wrong with four sides and four corners! Rectangular tables are often better fits for long, narrow places and in fact, can make themselves smaller than round tables and yet still cover a lot of ground. Whether you’re hosting a holiday meal for a crowd or fitting a work table into an unused closet, rectangles can fit the bill perfectly.
Place settings for service à la russe dining are arranged according to the number of courses in the meal. The tableware is arranged in a particular order. With the first course, each guest at the table begins by using the tableware placed on the outside of place setting. As each course is finished the guest leaves the used cutlery on the used plate or bowl, which are removed from the table by the server. In some case, the original set is kept for the next course. To begin the next course, the diner uses the next item on the outside of the place setting, and so on. Forks are placed on the left of a dinner plate, knives to the right of the plate, and spoons to the outer right side of the place setting.
Tables also have historical context. Before the 1700s, most European homes didn’t have much furniture; even the homes of the wealthiest families were limited to one large table (and no couches!). By the end of the century, however, the use and creation of small “occasional” tables ballooned. The sofa table, for example, was designed to host tea or be a great place to write a letter. We do neither today, but we liked the shape of this tall, skinny table, and have kept it in modern day living rooms, though now it usually holds lamps, plants, or decor.
The word coffee appears to have derived from the name of the region where coffee beans were first used by a herder in the 6th or 9th century (depending on author): kaffa (from the Keffa Zone in southwestern Ethiopia) derived from Kaffa Province, which was the name of the region in ancient Abyssinia.[11][12] The word "coffee" entered the English language in 1582 via the Dutch koffie, borrowed from the Ottoman Turkish kahve, borrowed in turn from the Arabic qahwah.[13] The Arabic word qahwah was traditionally held to refer to a type of wine whose etymology is given by Arab lexicographers as deriving from the verb qahiya, "to lack hunger", in reference to the drink's reputation as an appetite suppressant. It has also been proposed that the source may be the Proto-Central Semitic root q-h-h meaning "dark".[14]
Central to your living ensemble, a good coffee table is almost as good as your favorite morning mug (almost). So whether you're looking to clear away living room clutter, or just keep the remote in easy reach, a coffee table like this is a handy touch. Crafted from a black-finished iron frame, this piece features a tempered glass surface and sides for a terrarium-inspired look. And with a two-door compartment, you can create an on-trend display (and even house plants) inside this piece for an...
Market volatility, and thus increased returns, during 1830 encouraged Brazilian entrepreneurs to shift their attention from gold to coffee, a crop hitherto reserved for local consumption. Concurrent with this shift was the commissioning of vital infrastructures, including approximately 7,000 km of railroads between 1860 and 1885. The creation of these railways enabled the importation of workers, in order to meet the enormous need for labor. This development primarily affected the State of Rio de Janeiro, as well as the Southern States of Brazil, most notably São Paulo, due to its favorable climate, soils, and terrain.[226]
Some very early tables were made and used by the Egyptians, and were little more than stone platforms used to keep objects off the floor. They were not used for seating people. Food and drinks were usually put on large plates deposed on a pedestal for eating. The Egyptians made use of various small tables and elevated playing boards. The Chinese also created very early tables in order to pursue the arts of writing and painting.
The actual roasting begins when the temperature inside the bean reaches approximately 200 °C (392 °F), though different varieties of seeds differ in moisture and density and therefore roast at different rates.[93] During roasting, caramelization occurs as intense heat breaks down starches, changing them to simple sugars that begin to brown, which alters the color of the bean.[94]

By the 16th century, coffee had reached the rest of the Middle East, Persia, Turkey, and northern Africa. The first coffee seeds were smuggled out of the Middle East was by Sufi Baba Budan from Yemen to the Indian subcontinent in 1670. Before then, all exported coffee was boiled or otherwise sterilised. Portraits of Baba Budan depict him as having smuggled seven coffee seeds by strapping them to his chest. The first plants grown from these smuggled seeds were planted in Mysore.

Laminate is a man-made product that looks like wood but isn’t. It’s usually made of plastic that has been printed to look like wood. It’s typically a very affordable alternative to higher-end wood tables, but laminate that’s not high end can look very cheap very quickly. It also tends to have very poor resale value and not be as high quality. That said, there was a lot of laminate used during the 60s, and some of the better-made pieces have survived to this day.


Is seating ensemble feeling empty? Try a coffee table! Not only do they anchor your space, but they offer room to stage a display and serve up trays of treats when you find yourself entertaining. This one, for example, has a simple round shape, tempered glass top, and four straight legs, creating clean lines that can blend smoothly with the modern and contemporary aesthetic. We recommend wiping with a dry clean cloth to keep clean. This piece requires assembly upon arrival.
Whether pulled up to a pub table or making your kitchen island more eye-catching, this bar stool is the perfect perch. Designed to fit the counter of your choice, it offers an adjustable height that can extend from 21'' up to 34.75'' tall. This piece is ideal for more modern ensembles, pairing a polished chrome-finished metal pedestal base with a low-back seat wrapped in non-fussy faux leather upholstery with a neutral gray hue.
Lay out a sleek and chic foundation for your stylish space with this hand-tufted area rug. This design is crafted from stain and fade-resistant polyester in a medium 0.5" pile – perfect for rolling out in the living room or digging your toes into right out of bed in the morning. Available in a curated selection of sizes to outfit your space, this rug works best when paired with a rug pad to prevent shifting and sliding.

Another reason we don’t care (as much) about our furniture: Our taste is different than our parents. We tilt towards mid-century modern — an aesthetic many of our parents still conceive of as the furniture style of their parents. But we also care less about things like “furniture sets” — i.e., buying large groups of furniture that match, are meant to be kept in one room, and cost thousands of dollars. That’s the kind of stuff that’s made of real wood, and is bought on payment plans at old-school furniture stores you’ve probably never set foot in.
Late in 1947, Mr. Bruce dropped the lawn chair line and began to manufacture a group of occasional tables. With a briefcase full of sketches, Mr. Bruce made a quick tour of Eastern retail furniture outlets and came home with $200,000 in orders... this before the first sample tables were made at the plant. In 1948, the company started producing mahogany and gum tables with leather and mahogany tops, shifting the next year to leather tops exclusively with all genuine Honduras mahogany.

Espresso-based coffee has a variety of possible presentations. In its most basic form, an espresso is served alone as a shot or short black, or with hot water added, when it is known as Caffè Americano. A long black is made by pouring a double espresso into an equal portion of water, retaining the crema, unlike Caffè Americano.[113] Milk is added in various forms to an espresso: steamed milk makes a caffè latte,[114] equal parts steamed milk and milk froth make a cappuccino,[113] and a dollop of hot foamed milk on top creates a caffè macchiato.[115] A flat white is prepared by adding steamed hot milk (microfoam) to espresso so that the flavour is brought out and the texture is unusually velvety.[116][117] It has less milk than a latte but both are varieties of coffee to which the milk can be added in such a way as to create a decorative surface pattern. Such effects are known as latte art.
After a marathon drive, Ms. Fabens and her husband, Andrew, had just arrived with another couple for a long fall weekend. Ms. Fabens had intended to scout the house for hazards, knickknacks and valuables. In an older woman’s parlor, it can be hard to tell the difference. But within 20 minutes of racing through the front door, Peter ran into the living room, tripped and caught the table. In his mouth.
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