Through the efforts of the British East India Company, coffee became popular in England as well. John Evelyn recorded tasting the drink at Oxford in England in a diary entry of May 1637 to where it had been brought by an Ottoman student of Balliol College from Crete named Nathaniel Conopios of Crete.[28][29] Oxford's Queen's Lane Coffee House, established in 1654, is still in existence today. Coffee was introduced in France in 1657, and in Austria and Poland after the 1683 Battle of Vienna, when coffee was captured from supplies of the defeated Turks.[30]
Coffee beans must be ground and brewed to create a beverage. The criteria for choosing a method include flavor and economy. Almost all methods of preparing coffee require that the beans be ground and then mixed with hot water long enough to allow the flavor to emerge but not so long as to draw out bitter compounds. The liquid can be consumed after the spent grounds are removed. Brewing considerations include the fineness of grind, the way in which the water is used to extract the flavor, the ratio of coffee grounds to water (the brew ratio), additional flavorings such as sugar, milk, and spices, and the technique to be used to separate spent grounds. Ideal holding temperatures range from 85–88 °C (185–190 °F) to as high as 93 °C (199 °F) and the ideal serving temperature is 68 to 79 °C (154 to 174 °F).[102] The recommended brew ratio for non-espresso coffee is around 55 to 60 grams of grounds per litre of water, or two level tablespoons for a 5- or 6-ounce cup.[103]
Used coffee grounds may be used for composting or as a mulch. They are especially appreciated by worms and acid-loving plants such as blueberries.[81] Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to make better use of these grounds, including Starbucks' "Grounds for your Garden" project,[82] and community sponsored initiatives such as "Ground to Ground".[83]
Oval is a good call if you have some small humans running around and want to attempt to avoid any face-to-table sharp edge encounters (round is also good for this). If your living room is a high-traffic area (like, do you have to walk through it to get to another space like the kitchen or dining room?), a more sinuous shape helps with visual flow, as well. It accomplishes the same look as a rectangle but softens a really angular or modern sofa. The classic mixed marble and wood design (#1) is a favorite around here (check it out in Emily’s living room here). The thin legs keep it light and floaty (which balances the heavier wood at the bottom). Of course, the Platner table (#5) is a modern design classic, and while the brass table above from Brady’s living room is no longer available, we found a similar one in a silver tone (#7) if you love the silhouette but are flexible on the metal finish. If you’re into making a bit more of a statement, check out the cobalt blue table from Urban Outfitters at #19; it has a retro, ’80s inspired vibe that could add a serious cool factor to a simple, stripped back living space. 
Coffee tables, are arguable the center piece of any seating arrangement. They are omnipresent in all interior designs and aesthetics, and come in an ostensibly countless amount of styles. This rectangular coffee table for example, is perfectly at home in modern or glam aesthetics. It is crafted from stainless steel and tempered glass, and features a bottom shelf to stow away or display magazines and books, or to stow away extra remotes and chargers. It measures 19'' H x 42.25'' L x 24'' W....
Deck out your dining room in mid-century modern style with this pair of distinctive arm chairs. Crafted from solid rubberwood and manufactured wood, each piece’s frame features flared back legs, angular recessed arms, and a dark walnut finish for a hint of warmth. Foam fill and gray polyester-blend upholstery cushion the seats and backs for a more approachable look. Thanks to this pair’s neutral hues, these chairs can complement any color palette you pick. Partial assembly is required.
A duo of candelabras tie this living room's gold elements together in glamorous harmony. The sofa from designer Jean-Louis Deniot’s collection for Baker is in a Martyn Thompson Studio fabric, the 1930s Jindrich Halabala chairs are in a JAB Anstoetz fabric, the vintage cocktail table is by Paul Frankl, and the gold side table is by Hervé Van der Straeten; the 1920s bronze-and-alabaster chandelier once hung in the Villa Kerylos in France, the indoor-outdoor rug is by Galerie Diurne, the artwork is by Franz Kline, and the shelf holds a Roger Desserprit sculpture (center) and a French 1940s lamp.

To spawn items, name your character with 1-3 of the values listed below, each surrounded by brackets (for example, you might name your character [611][577][532], if you anticipate having a regular need for those items). Doing so will cause items to spawn one or more of those items whenever your name is referenced within the game. Note you can also do the same thing when naming an animal you are buying, but that only works the one time.
I was born in 1981, which places me on the far end of what marketers call “old millennials” — and particularly poised to observe just how effectively the furniture revolution has transformed my life and the lives of other (middle-class) millennials. I graduated from college in 2003 and spent the next decade moving all over the place: Over my graduate career and following attempts to secure a job, I moved to Seattle, Oregon, Texas, Vermont, and back to eastern Washington state before ending up in New York.

And then there’s the way we live: Two-thirds of millennials are renters, and in those rentals, they’re more likely to live with roommates than alone. Sixty-two percent prefer to live in “urban centers” — a dramatic shift from our parents’ generation. Only 66% of millennials under 25 own a car. When we do have money, we spend it on vacations, pay off debt, or save it — only 16% report spending excess funds on “home improvement/decorating.” The places we live are likely to be smaller and urban and shared; we have less space to fill, fewer ways to fill it, and less inclination to devote our funds to doing so.
This is really great. It’s got my vote. And thanks for giving cred to Greg Klassen’s excellent work. I'll definitely be trying something like this out. Hopefully it's obvious to folks that those C-channel braces underneath are critical, and that plate glass should probably not be be used as a structural component (despite my doing things like this... - but hey, its 3/4":)
That blue couch survived as long as it did because its framing was solid wood; whatever its stuffing was, it held on for decades, not years. My grandparents, who’d lived through the Depression and, afterward, lived with great thrift, likely purchased the couch with a mind that it would be passed down to one of their three sons. It was a fixture of their home, and it became a fixture of our home.

This mid-century inspired Otto Coffee Table is the perfect pick for your living room or den ensemble. Its base features four legs connected at the center, while the top complements in geometric fashion with a curved oval silhouette. The top shelf is tempered glass which accentuated the lacquered lower shelf in a shiny white. It's finished in gold making it classic and neutral enough to work in any space.
More (adult, nested) lifestyle, in other words, and less commodity: You don’t need to buy everything at West Elm, the store suggests, but it’ll provide you with the background elements (read: items over $750) against which you can build your own personality. It doesn’t matter that everyone who looks and spends like you is doing the same: You’ll still be able to make the look your own, a point driven home by West Elm’s “Share Your Style” function, which encourages customers to tag Instagram posts with #MyWestElm. Those images not only show up on the webpage for each item, but are used, to great success, in West Elm’s social media ads. (The click-through rate on #MyWestElm-content ads was 2.6 times that of normal content, the company told AdWeek, and those clicks ended in a sale three times more often than other click-throughs.)
When it comes to good lighting, your fixture can make it or break it. Find the light you love with this wall sconce! Affixed to your wall on a square plate, this piece exudes mod appeal in your arrangement. An aluminum cylinder directs light up and down from any medium-base bulb up to 60 W (not included), while a wet location rating makes it ideal for your outdoor ensemble. Plus, as a bonus, it comes backed by a one-year manufacturer’s warranty.
Fusing function and sculptural style, this clean-lined coffee table brings a bit of bold, modern flair as it anchors your living room. Crafted from manufactured wood, this low-profile piece measures just 12'' H x 35'' W x 35'' D overall, making it well-suited to sit beside a shorter sofa. A glossy neutral finish helps it blend with any color palette you pick, while its distinctive stacked design gives it eye-catching appeal. After assembly, this table supports up to 33 lbs.
Depending on the color of the roasted beans as perceived by the human eye, they will be labeled as light, medium light, medium, medium dark, dark, or very dark. A more accurate method of discerning the degree of roast involves measuring the reflected light from roasted seeds illuminated with a light source in the near-infrared spectrum. This elaborate light meter uses a process known as spectroscopy to return a number that consistently indicates the roasted coffee's relative degree of roast or flavor development.
According to the listing in Victorian Furniture by R. W. Symonds & B. B. Whineray and also in The Country Life Book of English Furniture by Edward T. Joy, a table designed by E. W. Godwin in 1868 and made in large numbers by William Watt, and Collinson and Lock, is a coffee table. If this is correct it may be one of the earliest made in Europe. Other sources, however, list it only as "table" so this can be stated categorically. Far from being a low table, this table was about twenty-seven inches high.
Yes. The most common size hole for an umbrella table is 2 1/2" at the center, though you’ll need to let us know the exact size you’ll need when you place your order. If the size of the hole you need is different from one of the standard sizes we offer listed below, or in a location other than the center of the table, you’ll need to provide the diameter along with the location in an email or drawing. The cost may be higher for a customized hole. Please keep in mind that we do not offer the plastic cover that goes with such a hole. If you want more than one hole drilled into the same piece of glass, we’ll need to follow specific tempering guidelines.
Showcasing the very best of mid-century modern style, this entertainment center is a great pick for refreshing your living room look. Its slanted legs and low profile silhouette, crafted from a mix of solid and manufactured wood, combine with a classic walnut finish to recall the aesthetics of yesteryear, while two cabinets, a single drawer, and an open shelf offer plenty of places to stash DVDs, media players, books, and beyond. Accommodates a 58'' TV.
Glass table tops are also a hassle-free way to give furniture a new look. For example, if you want to refresh an older piece of furniture without having to deal with stains or paint, glass table tops are a great option. You can use a glass table top to add the shine a stain or paint would have without the mess. A glass table top would look great on a dresser, desk, or coffee table while also making it easy to clean them.
Other accounts attribute the discovery of coffee to Sheikh Omar. According to an ancient chronicle (preserved in the Abd-Al-Kadir manuscript), Omar, who was known for his ability to cure the sick through prayer, was once exiled from Mocha in Yemen to a desert cave near Ousab (modern-day Wusab, about 90 kilometres (56 mi) east of Zabid).[16] Starving, Omar chewed berries from nearby shrubbery but found them to be bitter. He tried roasting the seeds to improve the flavor, but they became hard. He then tried boiling them to soften the seed, which resulted in a fragrant brown liquid. Upon drinking the liquid Omar was revitalized and sustained for days. As stories of this "miracle drug" reached Mocha, Omar was asked to return and was made a saint.[17]
Glass table tops are also a hassle-free way to give furniture a new look. For example, if you want to refresh an older piece of furniture without having to deal with stains or paint, glass table tops are a great option. You can use a glass table top to add the shine a stain or paint would have without the mess. A glass table top would look great on a dresser, desk, or coffee table while also making it easy to clean them.
When I was a kid , I had already heard that Danny Thomas story. Meanwhile, growing up in West L.A., we would have friends, and relatives, come visit - my parents would always do the movie star home tour, in our car (before those crazy lopped -off roof tour vans were everywhere). I just remember driving by Thomas' house, at the very top of Hillcrest Dr. , in Trousdale Estates, and everytime we'd go by, I'd imagine Thomas' wife out of town, and Danny lying under an enormous glass table, and having some hooker shat on the top, and him getting excited. True, or false, it's amazing how gossip, rumor, whatever, gets in your head, and stays there forever.
A number of products are sold for the convenience of consumers who do not want to prepare their own coffee or who do not have access to coffeemaking equipment. Instant coffee is dried into soluble powder or freeze-dried into granules that can be quickly dissolved in hot water.[120] Originally invented in 1907,[121][122] it rapidly gained in popularity in many countries in the post-war period, with Nescafé being the most popular product.[123] Many consumers determined that the convenience in preparing a cup of instant coffee more than made up for a perceived inferior taste,[124] although, since the late 1970s, instant coffee has been produced differently in such a way that is similar to the taste of freshly brewed coffee.[citation needed] Paralleling (and complementing) the rapid rise of instant coffee was the coffee vending machine invented in 1947 and widely distributed since the 1950s.[125]
Coffee is bought and sold as green coffee beans by roasters, investors, and price speculators as a tradable commodity in commodity markets and exchange-traded funds. Coffee futures contracts for Grade 3 washed arabicas are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange under ticker symbol KC, with contract deliveries occurring every year in March, May, July, September, and December.[133] Coffee is an example of a product that has been susceptible to significant commodity futures price variations.[134][135] Higher and lower grade arabica coffees are sold through other channels. Futures contracts for robusta coffee are traded on the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange and, since 2007, on the New York Intercontinental Exchange.
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