Coffee beans must be ground and brewed to create a beverage. The criteria for choosing a method include flavor and economy. Almost all methods of preparing coffee require that the beans be ground and then mixed with hot water long enough to allow the flavor to emerge but not so long as to draw out bitter compounds. The liquid can be consumed after the spent grounds are removed. Brewing considerations include the fineness of grind, the way in which the water is used to extract the flavor, the ratio of coffee grounds to water (the brew ratio), additional flavorings such as sugar, milk, and spices, and the technique to be used to separate spent grounds. Ideal holding temperatures range from 85–88 °C (185–190 °F) to as high as 93 °C (199 °F) and the ideal serving temperature is 68 to 79 °C (154 to 174 °F). The recommended brew ratio for non-espresso coffee is around 55 to 60 grams of grounds per litre of water, or two level tablespoons for a 5- or 6-ounce cup.
The modern steamless espresso machine was invented in Milan, Italy, in 1938 by Achille Gaggia, and from there spread in coffeehouses and restaurants across Italy and the rest of Europe in the early 1950s. An Italian named Pino Riservato opened the first espresso bar, the Moka Bar, in Soho in 1952, and there were 400 such bars in London alone by 1956. Cappucino was particularly popular among English drinkers. Similarly in the United States, the espresso craze spread. North Beach in San Francisco saw the opening of the Caffe Trieste in 1957, which served Beat Generation poets such as Allen Ginsberg and Bob Kaufman alongside Italian immigrants. Similar such cafes existed in Greenwich Village and elsewhere.
Anchor your seating ensemble in mid-century modern style with this this oval coffee table. Crafted of steel in a satin gold finish, the table’s base features four flared, round tapered legs, while a cross-shaped stretcher lends added stability and support. Its easy-to-clean clear glass tabletop provides a perfect platform for everything from remotes and coasters to trays of appetizers and drinks. Measures 23.5" H x 50.5" W x 18" D overall.
We really liked the natural color of this walnut wood, so wanted to keep it as light as possible after sealing and finishing. That's typically quite difficult, especially with darker woods like walnut that really like to absorb finishes and get even darker. But, where there's a will there's a way! In this case, we used a flat, water-based finish from General Finishes that seals and finishes wood perfectly; because it's a water-based finish, it doesn't alter the wood color too much! As always, test your finish before you commit to it. We tried five different finishes before settling on this one.
Set an abstract foundation for your stylish space with this blue and white area rug, showcasing a marbled, paint-spill motif. Machine made in Turkey, this area rug is power loomed of stain- and fade-resistant polypropylene in a medium 0.5" pile – perfect for rolling out in fashionable living rooms and dining spaces prone to the occasional spills and stains alike. Easily vacuumed or spot cleaned for effortless upkeep, this rug performs best when paired with a rug pad to prevent shifting and... https://www.pier1.com